5 edition of Arctic Climate Variability found in the catalog.
March 13, 2007
by VDM Verlag Dr. Mueller e.K.
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||132|
The AMOC is often thought to be a major source of decadal/multidecadal variability in the climate system, and contributes to the observed AMO. The focus of this study is to evaluate the role of low frequency AMOC variability on Arctic climate in a years control simulation of the GFDL CM coupled climate model. This chapter addresses traditional Inuit societies and their responses to climatic changes. It is argued that, due to the Arctic region's island-like status concerning environment, climate, geography, and cultural history, and due to an interdisciplinary Arctic research tradition, this region is particularly favourable to study and learn from, with regard to societies and climate change.
Variability of the sea ice in the Arctic is a defining aspect of the Arctic climate system. In addition, the ramifications of changes in Arctic circulation and sea ice are clearly important for understanding the circulation of the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean mentioned earlier. The Arctic Climate System, by Mark Serreze and Roger Barry, could not be more timely. With the International Polar Year (IPY) and the IPCC Assessments following close on the heels of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, eyes are turned to the Arctic regions with wonder and concern.
The impact of climate variability on temporal trends (−) of persistent organic pollutants (POPs; polychlorinated biphenyls [PCB], hexachlorobenzene [HCB], and oxychlordane) was assessed in glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus) breeding in the Norwegian Arctic (n = ).The Arctic Oscillation (AO: an index of sea-level pressure variability in the Northern Hemisphere above 20°N) with. The two‐climate regime theory may help answer questions related to observed decadal variability of the Arctic Ocean and to reconcile the different conclusions among scientists who have analysed Arctic data obtained during different climate states. Citing Literature. .
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The author uses a global climate model to analyze Arctic climate variability with special focus on the Arctic sea ice export and its impact on northern hemispheric climate. The Fram Strait sea ice export shows pronounced interannual and decadal variability, which is mainly caused by variations of wind stress and sea ice thickness in Fram : Torben Koenigk.
Particularly interesting are the mea culpas from Serreze and fellow scientists who chased scientific red herrings or, deafened by the din of natural climate variability, misread the data. The Arctic, Serreze writes, ‘tells no lies.’ But its truth can be hard to discern."Ashley Shelby, New York Times Book Review "[Brave New Arctic] sounds a clarion call about the global consequences of Cited by: 6.
This book is a new and revised second edition of the book ‘The Climate of the Arctic’, published in It presents a comprehensive analysis of the current state of knowledge related to the climate of the Arctic, using the latest meteorological : Springer International Publishing.
This book Arctic Climate Variability book a new and revised second edition of the book ‘The Climate of the Arctic’, published in It presents a comprehensive analysis of the current state of knowledge related to the climate of the Arctic, using the latest meteorological data.
Past Climate Variability and Change in the Arctic and at High Latitudes One of 31 books in the series: Synthesis and Assessment Product Cited by: 9. About this book. This book provides in-depth information about the sea ice in the Arctic at scales from paleoenvironmental variability to more contemporary changes during the past and present centuries.
The book is based on several decades of research related to sea ice in the Arctic and its variability, sea ice process studies as well as implications of the sea ice variability on human activities. Water temperature measurements () from two small rivers in the High Arctic were analyzed in order to determine the effects of climate variability on thermal regime and the sensitivity to.
Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain natural climate variability in the Arctic. These include processes related to the influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation/Arctic Oscillation (NAO/AO), anticyclonic/cyclonic regimes, changes in the oceanic and atmospheric North Atlantic–Arctic exchange, and changes in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation.
The greatest variability is found along the coastlines, especially north of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and in the East Siberian Sea, during all seasons. Areas of thicker ice (such as north of Greenland) often have higher variability.
The lowest variability in all seasons is found in the central Arctic. The climate varies due to human activity, natural climate cycles, and natural events external to the climate system. Understanding the different roles played by these drivers of variability.
Arctic climate has been changing rapidly since the s. This work shows distinctly different patterns of change in winter, spring, and summer for cloud fraction and surface temperature. Satellite observations over – have shown that the Arctic has warmed up and become cloudier in spring and summer, but cooled down and become less cloudy in winter.
Part of the Springer Polar Sciences book series (SPPS) In this chapter we consider the long-term natural variability and changes in Arctic sea ice, based on evidence from reconstructions using paleoenvironmental proxy records and historical records.
The effects of internal model variability on the simulation of Arctic sea-ice extent and volume have been examined with the aid of a seven-member ensemble with a coupled regional climate model for.
The Arctic Oscillation (AO) is a key aspect of climate variability in the Northern Hemisphere (see Figure ).The AO indices are defined as the leading empirical orthogonal function of Northern Hemisphere sea level pressure anomalies poleward of 20°N and are characterized by an exchange of atmospheric mass between the Arctic and middle latitudes (Thompson and Wallace, ).
B COVER: The Eye of the Storm, the oil painting reproduced on the cover of this book, is the work of Ilana Cernat of Bat-Yam, Israel. Cernat is linked to the world of intermediate-scale climate change through her son Michael Ghil, a dynamicist who has contributed substantially to our understanding of the interactions that affect climate variability.
While the growing economic and strategic importance of the Arctic demonstrates a need to reduce the large uncertainty as to when ice-free conditions will be realized, arguably a more urgent need is to improve seasonal forecasts of ice conditions, for even in an ice-diminished Arctic Ocean there will be large variability in conditions from year.
Editors offer a comprehensive and authoritative analysis of how climate variability is influencing an Arctic ecosystem and how the Arctic ecosystems have inherent feedback mechanisms interacting with climate variability or change.
Key Features. The latest research on the functioning of Arctic ecosystems; Supplements current books on arctic. The modulation of the variability of AO/NAO by some Arctic processes such as the variations in the Arctic sea ice has both direct and indirect impacts on the climate variability outside the Arctic.
Siberian High (SH) is an important climate system during winter in the Northern Hemisphere (NH) and has strong influences on the NH climate. In a sweeping tale of discovery spanning three decades, Serreze describes how puzzlement turned to concern and astonishment as researchers came to understand that the Arctic of old was quickly disappearing — with potentially devastating implications for the entire planet.
Shinji Matsumura, Yu Kosaka, Arctic–Eurasian climate linkage induced by tropical ocean variability, Nature Communications, /s, 10, 1, ().
Crossref J. Screen, C. Deser, Pacific Ocean Variability Influences the Time of Emergence of a Seasonally Ice‐Free Arctic Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters. Reviews of recent directions in numerical modelling and the characteristics of past Arctic climates set the stage for detailed discussion of recent climate variability and trends, and projected future states.
Throughout, satellite remote sensing data and results from recent major field programs are used to illustrate key processes.
In his book “Climate through the Ages”, the meteorologist C.E.P. Brooks (Brooks,p. ) noted that winter temperatures had risen since in all the north temperate and Arctic regions.The monograph also provides an account of the present state of research on climate change and variability in the Arctic for three time scales: the Holocene, the last Millennium, and the instrumental period.
The book concludes with a presentation of the scenarios of the Arctic climate .